This note contains explanation of algae,
structure of alage and its classification. The contents of this documents are
Dichotomous Key to Freshwater Algae, Groups of Cyanobacteria & Algae,
Dinoflagellates, Euglenoids, Brown, Golden brown, and Yellow brown Algae
The objective of this note is to provide
a knowledge of basic botany, teach specific information about economically
important plants, and instill skills in critically researching a topic on an
economically important plant. Topics covered includes: plant morphology and
taxonomy, Plant anatomy and physiology, Plant anatomy, Vegetable plants,
Flowering plants, Spices, Herbs; Essential oils, fragrances, perfumes, Genetics;
plant breeding, cultivars, Cereal grains, Alcoholic beverages, Gordon Biersch
Brewery, Fiber plants,Medicinal plants.
This lecture note focus on the
role of plants in this world and their interaction with other plants, insects,
herbivores, pathogens, fungi and humans. These interactions are based on the
plant primary metabolism with its cheap supply of sugar for bribes as well as on
secondary metabolites for bribes, defense and repulsion.
This note covers the following topics: The
Molecules that Make a Plant, The Plant Cell: Structure and Growth, Embryonic
Origins, Plant Tissues: An Overview of Plant Tissues, Plant Organs: The Leaf,
Plant Organs: The Stem, and the Root, Water movement and nutrient transport,
Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis, Plant Nutrition and Soil, Development and
Hormones, Response to the Environment: Tropisms and Circadian Rhythms, Genetics
and Evolution, Systematics and Taxonomy, Protists and Other Beasts, The Seedless
Vascular Plants and Seed Plants.
Plant Metabolism is designed
to focus on themes of current interest in plant metabolism and biochemistry.
Topics covered includes: Metabolomics, Membranes and Organelles, Nitrogen
Assimilation, Amino Acid Biosynthesis, Structural Lipids, Photosynthesis,
Carbohydrate Metabolism, Glycolysis, Terpenoids, Alkaloids, Phenylpropanoids,
Nitrogen Fixation, Phytohormones and Elicitors.
Botany is the scientific study of plants and plant-like organisms. It
helps us understand why plants are so vitally important to the world. There were
two main ideas author attempted to embed here are : one was to put as much
plant-related information as possible into an evolutionary context, and the
other was to explain complicated problems with simple words and metaphors.
Main objectives of this WHO monographs is to provide a model that
will support countries in developing their own national or regional monographs
on medicinal plants or national formularies on herbal medicines. It contains the
scientific information on the safety, efficacy and quality control/quality
assurance of widely used medicinal plants.
The purpose of this note is to to give the students a general idea
of the principles of the science, rather than a comprehensive survey of the
whole vegetable kingdom. In a short course of this nature it is impossible to
include examples of every group, and therefore those types have been selected
with which it is moat important that the student should become acquainted.
This note covers the
following topics: Growth and Differentiation of the Young Stem, Primary Tissues,
Secondary Growth, Leaf Morphology and Anatomy, Root Anatomy and Morphology,
Water Movement in Xylem, Flower Structure and Ovule Development, Pollen
Development, Plant Hormones and Environmental Clues, The Classification of