Thermodynamics Lecture Notes

This note covers the following
topics: systems surroundings and thermodynamic variables work and equilibrium
introduced, temperature and the zeroth law of thermodynamics, basic properties of
basic systems, reversible processes, internal energy: heat capacities and the first
law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic expansions, ideal gas and Van der
waals equation of state, cyclic processes: heat engines, the second law of
thermodynamics, carnots theorem, thermodynamic temperature scale, Carnot
devices, the clausius inequality entropy and principle of increase in entropy,
the central equation of thermodynamics, entropy probablilty and disorder, the
thermodynamic potentials: internal energy enthalpy helmholtz and gibbs free
energy, Maxwells relations, properties and processes including applications of
Maxwells relations ,magnetic systems refrigeration and black body radiation,
phases: the PVT surface and the equlibrium condition for two phases, phase
equilibrium, positive compressibility and heat capacity, calculating entropy, the
clausius- clapeyron equation, the vaporization curve, first order phase changes,
second order phase changes, the Ehrenfest equations, the third law of
thermodynamics.

**Author(s):** The
School Of Physics, The University Of Edinburgh

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