Free Chemistry eBooks


Chemistry Books

This section contains free e-books and guides on Chemistry, some of the resources in this section can be viewed online and some of them can be downloaded.


Recently Added Books

Acid Base Reactions The PH Concept

This note covers the following topics: acids and bases, calculation of acidity and basicity, classification of acid and base strength, pH concept and pH scale, Acid/base reactions, Acid/base titrations.

s54 Pages

Acids, Bases and Salts

This note explains the definition of Acids and Bases and Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases.

s58 Pages

Elements of Scientific Agriculture

This note covers the following topics: Organic elements of plants, inorganis parts of plants, sources of the organic food of plants, The organic substances of plants, The Soil, Manures, composition of different crops, Application of the crops in feeding, Milk and diary products, recapitulation.

sNA Pages

Introductory Soil Chemistry, Fertility And Microbiology

This note deals with the meaning and explanation of the basic principles of soil chemistry, fertility and microbiology. Explanations were also given on the basic concepts of these fields of soil science. This note focused on: soil phases, cation exchange capacity and base saturation, soil acidity and liming, nutrient movement in soils,nutrient uptake mechanisms, chemistry, status and availability of essential nutrients in soils.

s96 Pages

Analytical Chemistry Notes by Robert W. Schurko

This note covers the following topics: Chemical Measurements, Tools of the Trade, Chemical Equilibrium, Fundamentals of Spectrophotometry, Gravimetric and Combustion Analyses, Monoprotic Acid-Base Equilibria, Polyprotic Acid-Base Equilibria, Acid-Base Titrations, EDTA Titrations, Electrochemistry, Potentiometry and Electrodes, Redox titrations, Electroanalytical techniques.

sNA Pages

Analytical Chemistry Handouts

This note explains the following topics: Introduction to Analytical Separations, Gas Chromatography , High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Capillary Electrophoresis, Electro-Analytical Chemistry, Electrodes and Potentiometry, Electro-analytical Chemisty, Mass Spectroscopy, Nuclear magnetic Resonance.

sNA Pages

Lecture Notes On Engineering Chemistry

Goal of this note is to inculcate basic principles of chemistry aspects in different disciplines of engineering. Topics covered includes: Electrochemistry and Batteries, Corrosion and Its Control, Water Technology, Materials Chemistry, Fuels and Combustion.

s114 Pages

Laboratory exercises in applied chemistry

Laboratory manuals and the like generally contain little more than mere descriptions of technical methods of analysis, and explanations of the underlying chemical principles or of their applications are seldom attempted. It is evident that such books can be of very little help to students. The mechanism of the reactions involved in analytical methods is by no means so clear that explanation is unnecessary, since a student usually begins technical analysis at a comparatively early stage in his course. This book is a solution for all these difficulties.The author, as lecturer in the Darmstadt Technical School, knows from his long experience that it is just the emphasis laid upon the technical application of an analysis which deepens the student's knowledge and understanding of chemical processes.

s258 Pages

Astrochemistry The Cradle of Life

This note covers the following topics: Chemical origins of life Chemical origins of life, Nucleobases, Building DNA, The UREY MILLER Experiment, Experiments at Synchrotron Facilities , Electron Induced Chemistry, Formation of ammonium carbamate, In a prebiotic prebiotic soup, Cyanobacteria Cyanobacteria , Life on Mars, Martian Meteorites, Radial velocity and Doppler method, The future imaging the planet, Ozone formation, Ozone Depletion Studies in the Ozone Depletion Studies in the Ultra -Violet, Monoterpenes , The citrus smell.

s99 Pages

Interstellar Medium Notes

This note explains the following topics: Discovery and history of the ISM, Radiation transfer and interstellar absorption lines, Photoionization of hydrogen, HII regions, Thermal properties of HII regions, forbidden lines, Optical properties of interstellar dust, Composition and thermal properties of dust, Ionized Phases, Cosmic rays and magnetic fields, Tracing HI, Neutral phases and theory of phases, DENSE ISM, Molecular spectroscopy, H and CO Molecular ions and fractionation, Catchup: Supernovae - JRG, Photon Dominated Regions, CO observations of molecular clouds, Physical properties of molecular clouds, Distribution of the molecular Mas, Stability of molecular clouds, Magnetic fields and core stability and collapse, Low-Mass young stellar objects, Quasar absorption lines.

sNA Pages

Biochemistry Workbook

This note covers the following topics: Amino acids and proteins, Properties of proteins in solutions, Blood proteins, Nucleic acids, Carbohydrates, Phospholipids, steroids and fat-soluble vitamins, Enzymes, Digestive tract enzymes, The enzymatic reaction maximum velocity and the Michaelis constant, Enzymatic activity, Competitive and non-competitive inhibition, Oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, Glutaminase, Glycogen synthesis and degradation, Synthesis and degradation of starch, Catalase, Protein nitrogen, amino acid transamination, Biochemical calculations.

s130 Pages

Biochemistry by Deniz Ekinci

This book contains an overview focusing on the research area of proteins, enzymes, cellular mechanisms and chemical compounds used in relevant approaches. The book deals with basic issues and some of the recent developments in biochemistry. Topics covered includes: Protein Flexibility and Coiled-Coil Propensity, Peptides and Peptidomimetics as Tools to Probe Protein-Protein Interactions – Disruption of HIV-1 gp41 Fusion Core and Fusion Inhibitor Design, Profilin, and Vascular Diseases, E. coli Alpha Hemolysin and Properties, Human ER alpha and ER beta Splice Variants, GPCRs and G Protein Activation, Carbonic Anhydrase and Heavy Metals, Enzymology of Bacterial Lysine Biosynthesis, Glucose Metabolism and Cancer, Modulation of EAAC1, Mechanism of Cargo Recognition During Selective Autophagy, Cholesterol.

sNA Pages

Lecture Notes for Computational Methods in Chemical Engineering

This note explains the following topics: Mathematical Modeling and Simulation, Fundamentals of Functional Analysis, Linear Algebraic Equations and Related Numerical Schemes, ODE-IVPs and Related Numerical Schemes, Optimization and Related Numerical Schemes.

s247 Pages

Computational Chemistry In The High School Classroom

The field of computational chemistry has become an extremely valuable research tool in chemistry, physics, and biology. This note developed a teaching module surrounding the web-based software WebMO to address topics chemistry students typically struggle with.

s109 Pages

Crystal Structure Analysis Lecture Notes

This lecture covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

sNA Pages

Crystal Structure Analysis

This note explains the following topics: X-ray Diffraction, Scattering, Compton Scattering, X-ray Scattering, Diffraction, Optical Interference, Bragg’s Law Of Diffraction, Debye-scherrer Method, Generation Of X-rays, Monochromatic X-rays, The Reciprocal Lattice And The Laue Description Of Diffraction, Reciprocal Lattices, K And Lattice Planes, Monoatomic Bases, Elastic X-ray Scattering By Atoms, Scherrer Constant, Rocking Curves.

s155 Pages

Electrochemical Energy Engineering

This note explains the following topics: Basic concepts for electrochemistry, Electric charge and current, Electrical quantities and their SI units, Potential and Thermodynamics, Principles of electrochemistry, Electroactive layers and modified electrodes, Electrochemical responses of adsorbed monolayers, Photoelectrochemistry, Scanning probe techniques, Spectroelectrochemistry, Scanning probe techniques, Vibration spectroscopy.

sNA Pages


This book presents the link between the exposed method and its applications in a very explicit manner and offers a wide range of practical examples. The book provides not only a vision of actual methods but also their necessary further improvements and suggested developments.

sNA Pages

Atmospheric Environmental Chemistry

This note covers the following topics: The Earth’s Atmosphere, Stratospheric Chemistry, Ozone, Tropospheric Chemistry: Smog and Precipitation, Atmospheric Aerosols, Chemistry of Urban and Indoor Atmospheres, The Chemistry of Global Climate.

sNA Pages

Environmental Chemistry Lecture Notes by Asoka Marasinghe

This note covers the following topics: The Composition of Our Air, Air Pollutants, Concentration Terms , Protecting the Ozone Layer, The Chapman Cycle, Antarctic Seasonal Ozone Depletion, Energy from Combustion, First Law of Thermodynamics, Heat of Combustion, Catalytic Reforming, Fuel Alternatives , Water for Life, Neutralizing the Threat of Acid Rain.

sNA Pages

Photochemistry and Pericyclic Reactions

This note exposes students to the fundamental principles that are foundational to understanding photochemical transformations. Each chapter is planned in an easy to follow pattern for beginners in this aspect of chemistry.

s119 Pages

General Chemistry Principles, Patterns, and Applications

The overall goal of this note is to produce a text that introduces the students to the relevance and excitement of chemistry. Topics covered includes: Molecules, Ions, and Chemical Formulas, Chemical Reactions, Reactions in Aqueous Solution, The Structure of Atoms, The Periodic Table and Periodic Trends, Ionic versus Covalent Bonding, Molecular Geometry and Covalent Bonding Models, Gases, Liquids, Solids, Solutions, Chemical Kinetics , Chemical Equilibrium, Aqueous Acid–Base Equilibriums, Solubility and Complexation Equilibriums, Chemical Thermodynamics, Electrochemistry, Nuclear Chemistry, Periodic Trends and the s-Block Elements, The p-Block Elements, The d-Block Elements and Organic Compounds.

sNA Pages

Principles of Geochemistry

This note provides an introduction to fundamental principles of geochemistry from historic development to modern concepts. Topics covered includes: Chemical composition of the crust and selected rocks, Moles, atomic weights, bonding, Basic Thermodynamics, Acids and Bases, Feldspar Weathering, Evaporites , Carbonate equilibrium, Redox and eh-pH, Rare Earth Elements and Magma, Dating, Geochemical Systems.

sNA Pages

Isotope Geochemistry Lecture Notes

This lecture note covers the following topics: Radioactive and Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry, Physical Fundamentals, Geochronology, Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry, Stable Isotope Geochemistry, Igneous and Hydrothermal Systems, Low Temperature Applications.

sNA Pages

Inorganic Chemistry by Prof. Joel Rosenthal

This note explains the following topics: Structure of the Atom, UD Closed for Snow, Electronic Configurations, Rationalizing Periodic Trends, Simple Bonding Models, Symmetry Operations and Point Groups, Point Groups and Character Tables, Group Theory and Molecular Vibrations, Molecular Orbital Theory, Acid-Base Chemistry, Coordination Chemistry, CFT and Magnetism, Ligand Field Theory, Metal Carbonyl Chemistry, Dissociative Reaction Mechanisms, Organometallic Reaction Mechanisms.

sNA Pages

List of inorganic compounds

This guide shows the list of inorganic compounds with their IUPAC systematic names, traditiona names, Properties, Uses,  History, Safety and Toxicology.

sNA Pages

Advanced Kitchen Chemistry (MIT Notes)

This seminar note will be a scientific exploration of the food we eat and enjoy. Topics include, but are not limited to, what makes a good experiment, cheese making, joys of tofu, food biochemistry, the science of spice, what is taste?

sNA Pages

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory

This book covers the following topics: Culture of Laboratory Safety, Environmental Health and Safety Management System, Emergency Planning, Evaluating Hazards and Assessing Risks in the Laboratory, Management of Chemicals.

sNA Pages

Laboratory Instructions and Exercises

Before starting a new lab, you must always read the laboratory notes for that experiment and the instructor will discuss the experiment with you. If you don’t know the experimental procedure, the instructor may not let you proceed with the experiment. This note explains some laboratory exercise.

sNA Pages

Chemical Oceanography by Professor James W. Murray

This note explains the following topics: Ocean Circulation and Current Carbon Cycle, Major Ions of Seawater, Trace Elements in Seawater, Sinks for Anthropogenic Carbon, Controls on the Composition of Seawater, Stable Isotopes, Radioactive Isotopes and Decay ,Gases and Gas Exchange, Tracers for Gas Exchange, Ocean Carbonate Chemistry: Reactions, Ocean Carbonate Chemistry: Ocean Distributions Principles of Mass Balance - Box Models, Primary Production - Nutrient Stoichiometry, Biological Production - Chemical Tracers, Iron Distributions and Controls, Redox Reactions and Respiration and Oxygen, Redox Sequence and Sedimentary Diagenesis , Ocean Nitrogen Cycle; Global Oxygen Cycle.

sNA Pages

Marine geology

The aim of this note is to make you familiar with how ocean basins and margins developed through time. Of interest are their geological structure, their water mass properties, water mass circulation, and sedimentary processes shaping the seafloor.

sNA Pages

Recent Progress in Soldering Materials

This book is about solders and their composition and focuses on material characterizations and the methods used to make alloys and determine their structures, physical properties and applications. Physical properties and the factors that control them and theoretical verification are the main contents of this book.

s116 Pages

E Book on Materials Science and Engineering

This book explains the following topics: Basics of Thermodynamics, Hierarchy of Lengthscales, Equilibrium and Kinetics, Crystal Geometry, Structure of Solids, Crystal Imperfections, Phase Diagrams, Diffusion in Solids, Phase Transformations, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Electrical Conductivity, Semiconductors and Magnetic Materials.

sNA Pages

Fatty Acids

This note covers the following topics: Significance of Fatty Acid Metabolism, Acetyl CoA, General Features of Fatty Acid Structure, Nomenclature, De novo Synthesis of Fatty Acids, Modification of Dietary and Endogenous Fatty Acids, Mobilization and Transport of Adipose Fatty Acid, Fatty Acid Activation and Transport into the Mitochondria, Mitochondrial beta-oxidation, Synthesis and Utilization of Ketone Bodies and Overall Regulation of Fatty Acid Metabolism.

sNA Pages

Heme and Iron Metabolism

This note explains about the following topics: Heme synthesis, Porphyrias, Heme degradation, Iron metabolism, Iron absorption, Regulation of iron uptake, Iron transport and storage.

sNA Pages

Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Design

This is an open access book contains an overview focusing on the research area of enzyme inhibitors, molecular aspects of drug metabolism, organic synthesis, prodrug synthesis, in silico studies and chemical compounds used in relevant approaches. The book deals with basic issues and some of the recent developments in medicinal chemistry and drug design.

s406 Pages

Chemistry for Pharmacy

This note provides a foundation on which your studies in the pharmaceutical and molecular sciences. Also covers atomic structure, types of bonding, molecular shape and equilibrium reactions involving acids and bases, representation and analysis of structure, isomers, chemical transformations and the chemistry of bio molecules.

sNA Pages

Atomic and Molecular Structure and Symmetry

This note aims to provide you with an understanding of Atomic and molecular structure and Symmetry, it also aims to provide you with solutions to problems in Atomic and molecular structure and Symmetry. Topics covered includes: Atomic and molecular structures, Theory of Chemical bonding, Pauli exclusion principle and the Hund’s rule, Molecular orbitals of molecules, The Valence Bond Theory, The Molecular orbital Theory, Quantum Mechanics, Theory of molecular spectroscopy, Rotational spectroscopy.

s344 Pages

Introduction To The Physics of Atoms, Molecules and Photons

These lecture notes have been prepared to give an introduction into the foundations of atomic and molecular physics with an emphasis on the interaction of these atomic systems with light, and in more general, with electromagnetic fields. Topics covered includes: Wave-corpuscular duality of photons and massive particles, Angular momentum in quantum mechanics, Atomic spectra, simple models of atoms, Spin and the fine structure, Many-body problems, systems of identical particles, Molecular structure and spectra, Bose Einstein Condensation, Elements of coherent atom field interactions, Atoms in Strong Fields, Photons, A quantum paradox and the experiments.

s142 Pages

Fusion Reactor Technology

This note deals with key issues of fusion reactor technologies based on magnetic confinement, focusing on the tokamak concept. Overview of the fusion power plant system will be introduced and energetics of which will be addressed. Then, the way how to build and operate a tokamak is going to be covered.

sNA Pages

Principles of Radiation Interactions Lecture Notes

This note is intended to provide a broad understanding of how different types of radiation deposit energy, including the creation and behavior of secondary radiations; of how radiation affects cells and why the different types of radiation have very different biological effects. Also explains the effects of radiation on biological systems including DNA damage, in vitro cell survival models and in vivo mammalian systems.

sNA Pages

Organic Chemistry by Seoul National University

This note covers the following topics: Structure and bonding, Acid-base, Organic compounds, Alkenes, Reactions of alkenes, Stereochemistry , Alkynes, Delocalization, Substitution Reactions, Elimination Reactions, Reactions of alcohols, Organometallic compounds.

sNA Pages

Introductory Organic Chemistry by National Open University of Nigeria

The aim of this note is to give you a general introduction to organic chemistry, giving explanations to observed physical and chemical properties of organic compounds. Topics covered includes: Bonding, Functional Group Classification And Nomenclature, Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes.

s121 Pages

Notes on Organometallic Chemistry (PDF 60P)

s60 Pages

Organometallic chemistry lecture notes

This note covers the following topics: Counting Electrons, General Introduction to Organometallic Chemistry, Main Group Metal Organometallics, OrganoLithium Compounds, OrganoMagnesium Compounds, OrganoSilicon Compounds, Characterization of Organometallic Complexes, Transition Metal Organometallics, Ligand Substitution, Insertion and Elimination, Oxidative Addition and Reductive Elimination.

sNA Pages

Introductory Physical Chemistry by National Open University of Nigeria

The aim of this note is to create an in-depth awareness and develop full understanding of the concept of energy as the capacity for change in any chemical reaction and moreover that strong relationship between energy and structure of matter is the foundation of physical chemistry. Topics covered includes: Separation Techniques, Gaseous State Of Matter , Ideal Gases, The Kinetic Theory Of Gases, Real Gases, Liquefaction of Gases, Solid and Liquid States of Matter, Solutions and Phase Equilibria.

s169 Pages

Biophysical Chemistry Lecture Notes

This note explains the following topics: A Physical Description of Nature, Transport Processes - Sedimentation, Calculus Review, Thermodynamics - Heat, Work and Energy, Entropy and Free Energy, Bioenergetics and Molecular Interactions, Proteins - Structure and Function, Structure Determination.

sNA Pages

Advanced Structures and Properties of Polymers

This note covers the following topics: Conformation, Real chain, Polymers, Rubber, Rubbery state, Amorphous state, Molten state, Crystalline state, Crystallization, Xtalline State, Glassy State.

sNA Pages

Properties of Polymers

This note covers the following topics: Physical structure of polymers, Small vs large molecules, Molecular features, Some physical technique for studying polymers, Molecular sizes and shapes and ordered structures, Polymer blends and copolymers, Polymer blends and copolymers, Regular chains and crystallinity, Morphology and motion, Morphology Morphology and motion, Mechanical properties.

sNA Pages

Practical Chemistry IV Physical and Organic

This note is aimed at encouraging you to have a practical knowledge of important aspects of organic and physical chemistry. Topics covered includes: The Preparation of Esters, The preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones, Vinegar Analysis, Chromatography, Thin Layer Chromatography, Dehydration of Alcohol, Qualitative Analysis of Common Functional Groups, Physical Chemistry, pH Measurement, Determination of Relative Molar Mass from Colligative, Properties, Demonstration of Partition Coefficient in two Immiscible, Solvents, Temperature Measurement and Heat of Dissolution, Heat of Neutralisation, Determination of Critical Solution Temperature of Water- Phenol System, Ideal Gas Law.

s93 Pages

Introductory Practical Chemistry II

Practical Organic Chemistry has a purpose beyond the apparent function of providing practical training essential to the prospective chemist. It affords you an opportunity to become acquainted with number of representative organic compounds, to observe their special properties and characteristic behaviours, and to have some experience with the methods of handling them. The contents of this material illustrate important concepts and principles in general organic chemistry. Three basic goals guided the development of all experiments in this material.

s126 Pages

Introductory Quantum Chemistry by NPTEL

This note covers the following topics: Wave Paticle Duality, Standing Waves, Path Integrals and Schrodinger Equation, Postulates, Separting Variables and Particle in a Box, Particle in a box-time dependent states-Expectations values and time dependent states.

sNA Pages

Quantum Chemistry by Mark S. Gordon

This note explains the following topics: Introduction to Quantum Chemistry, Introduction to GAMESS, From Schrodinger to Hartree-Fock, Basis Sets and Pseudopotentials, Density Functional Theory, Introduction to MCSCF, Solvation Methods, Excited States Methods, Composite Methods, Global Optimization and Coarse Graining.

sNA Pages

Mass Spectrometry by Prof. Peter B. OConnor

The major focus of the note is understanding mass spectra, so the majority of the problem sets will involve interpretation of mass spectra of unknowns. Topics covered includes: Interpretation of Electron Impact, Ion sources, Mass Analyzers, MS/MS and fragmentation methods, Mass Spectrometry in the Real World, Protein complexes and ydrogen and Deuterium Exchange, Imaging Mass Spectrometry, 2D FTICR mass spectrometry.

sNA Pages

Tandem Mass Spectrometry Molecular Characterization

This book serves multiple groups of audiences; professional, graduate students and general readers interested in the use of modern mass spectrometry in solving critical questions of chemical and biological sciences. The areas covered include the analysis of drugs, metabolites, carbohydrates and protein post-translational modifications.

s204 Pages

Fundamentals and Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

This note covers the following topics: Introduction to LIBS, Physics of Laser Induced Breakdown, formation and evolution of Laser Plasmas, Components of LIBS: Lasers, Optics and Detection, Spectrochemical Analysis using Laser Plasma Excitation -Analysis of gases, liquids, solids and particles, Double pulse LIBS- Resonance Enhanced LIBS, LIF-LIBS and Review of the most recent literature.

sNA Pages

Molecular Spectroscopy by Rob Schurko

The main focus of this note is the various forms of optical spectroscopy, including rotational, vibrational and electronic spectroscopy, as well as a brief look at photoelectron spectroscopy and lasers. The note finishes with an introduction to radiofrequency spectroscopy techniques, including nuclear magnetic resonance and electron spin resonance. The purpose of this note is to provide an advanced level undergraduate student in Chemistry or Physics with a general overview of molecular spectroscopy. Specifically, the underlying principles of spectroscopy are examined using quantum mechanics, the interaction of light and matter, and group theory as starting points.

sNA Pages

Supramolecular Chemistry of Nanomaterials (PDF 36P)

This note covers the following topics: self assembly, Nano capsules for delivery and reaction, supramolecular switches, Molecular machines, self assembly in surfaces and supramolecular chemistry of polymeric materials.

s36 Pages

Lecture notes on Supramolecular chemistry

Currently this section contains no detailed description for the page, will update this page soon.

sNA Pages

Wigner Seitz Cells

This note explains the following topics: The Cellular Method, Construction Of Wigner-seitz Cells, Electronic States, Vibrational States, Wigner-seitz Cells, Simple Cubic W-s Cell and Body Centred Cubic W-s Cell.

sNA Pages


This note explains the following topics related to Phonon Dispersion: Normal modes of vibration, Acoustical phonons, Optical phonons, Wave vector of crystal vibrations and Experimental techniques

sNA Pages

Maths for Chemists

There are already a range of textbooks available that aim to help chemistry students develop their mathematical knowledge and skills. This guide is not intended to replace those, or indeed the  notes provided by your lecturers and tutors, but instead it provides an additional source of material presented in a quick reference style allowing you to explore key mathematical ideas quickly and succinctly.

s119 Pages

Lecture notes on theoretical chemistry

This lecture note explains the following topics: Specific Gravity, Chemical Nomenclature And Notation, Atoms Atomic Mass Valence, Chemical Formula, Structure Of Molecules, Chemical Equations And Calculations, Volume And Weight Relations Op Gases, The Periodic Law.

sNA Pages