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Business and Finance eBooks

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Business and Finance eBooks

This section contains free e-books and guides on Business and Finance, some of the resources in this section can be viewed online and some of them can be downloaded.

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Cost and Managerial Accounting

This note explains the following topics: Cost Accounting : Nature and Scope, Cost Concepts and Classifications, Materials : Purchase, Storage, Pricing and Control, Labour Cost, Overheads : Classification, Allocation and Absorption, Single Costing, Job, Batch and Contract Costing, Process Costing, Operation and Operating Costing, Reconciliation of Cost and Financial Accounts, Management Accounting : Nature and Scope, Analysis and Interpretation of Financial Statements, Budgetory Control, Standard Costing and Variance Analysis, Marginal Costing and Profit Planning.

s522 Pages

Cost Accounting Study Material

This note covers the following topics: Fundamentals Of Cost, Its Elements And Classification, Methods, Techniques And Systems Of Costing, Meaning Of Material, Material Control, Valuation Of Materials, Meaning Of Direct Labour, Labour Remuneration, Incentive Plans According To Various Wage Methods, Labour Turnover And Direct Expenses, Classification Of Overheads, Different Items Of Overheads In Cost Accounting, Meaning Of Overhead Distribution, Absorption Of Overheads.

s173 Pages

The Rise, Progress, and Present Condition of Banking In India

Banking in India, in the modern sense, originated in the last decade of the 18th century. The largest bank, and the oldest still in existence, is the State Bank of India. The Indian banking sector is broadly classified into scheduled and non-scheduled banks. This book explains everything about Indian banks.

s445 Pages

Modern Banking

This note explains the following topics: Central Banking, Nationalizations of Commercial Banks, SBI and Industrial finance, CooperativeBanks, Electronic Fund Transfer, RBI Guidelines, Benefits of Electronic Clearing Systems, E- Cheques, E-Money.

s107 Pages

Computer Applications in Business

This note covers the following topics: Fundamental of Computer Systems, History and Classification Of Computers, Computer Languages, Binary and Other Number Systems, Pc Software Packages, Operating Systems, Spreadsheet Software, Introduction To DBMS, Data Hierarchy and File Structures, Network Topology and Applications.

s330 Pages

Introduction to Business 1

This textbook was written to increase student access to high quality learning materials, maintaining highest standards of academic rigor at little to no cost. The textbook presents business principles and emerging trends in fields including management, leadership, production, marketing, and finance.

s1664 Pages

Foundations of Academic Success Words of Wisdom

This book introduces you to the various aspects of student and academic life on campus and prepares you to thrive as a successful college student. Each section is framed by self-authored, true-to-life short stories from actual State University of New York (SUNY) students, employees, and alumni. The advice they share includes a variety of techniques to help you cope with the demands of college.

sNA Pages

Communication and Secretarial Practices

This book covers the following topics: Business Communication, Barriers and Gateways in Communication, Essentials of Business Communication , Business Correspondence: Letter Writing, Company Correspondence: Report Writing, Business Communication: Company Meetings, Correspondence Relating to In Quiries and Instruction, Public Speaking and Presentation, Business Communication: Negotiations and Legal Aspects.

s241 Pages

E commerce And Its Applications

This note explains the following topics: Electronic Commerce Framework, Traditional vs. Electronic business applications, the anatomy of E-commerce applications, Network Infrastructure, Network Security.

s139 Pages

E Business State of the Art of ICT Based Challenges and Solutions

In this book, authors provide latest results of scientific research projects within the area of e-business: Challenges of Information and Communication Technology Usage in E-business Systems, A Proposal for Brand Analysis with Opinion Mining, Customers Online Interaction Experiences with Fashion Brands: E-information and E-buying, Payment System's Determination by Universal Financial Industry Message Scheme According to Single Euro Payment Area, and CSFs for SMEs in Measuring E-commerce Success.

sNA Pages

Notes on Macroeconomic Theory

This note explains the following topics: Simple Representative Agent Models, Growth With Overlapping Generations, Neoclassical Growth and Dynamic Programming, Endogenous Growth , Choice Under Uncertainty, Consumption and Asset Pricing, Search, Money and Unemployment, Overlapping Generations Models of Money, A Cash-In-Advance Model.

s141 Pages

Lecture Notes for Political Economy of Institutions and Development

This note is intended as an introduction to the newly emerging field of political economy of institutions and development. Its purpose is to give you both a sense of the frontier research topics and a good command of the tools in the area.

sNA Pages

Media Innovation and Entrepreneurship

This note covers the following topics: Developing the Entrepreneurial Mindset, Ideation, Customer Discovery, Business Models for Content and Technology Ventures, Nonprofit Model Development, Freelancing as Entrepreneurship and Consulting as Business Models, Startup Funding, Pitching Ideas, Marketing Your Venture to Audiences, Entrepreneurship Abroad: Cultural and International Perspectives and Challenges.

sNA Pages

Introduction to Entrepreneurship

This note covers the following topics: Definitions, Nature and Concepts of Management, The Foundation of Entrepreneurship, The Corporate Innovation on Entrepreneurs, Discovering Business Opportunities, Feasibility Analysis and Financing of a Business, Financing the Start Up Enterprise, Business Environment, The Legal Environment.

s208 Pages

Financial Systems

This note will introduce you to some fundamental aspects of financial systems generally. Topics covered includes: Financial System, Types and Characteristics of Financial Assets, International Financial System, Capital Market, Money Market, Nigerian Financial System, Operations of Capital Market in Nigeria, Operations of Money Market in Nigeria, Central Banking, Commercial Banking, Merchant Banks, Development Banks, Universal Banks, Rural Banking, Marketing of Bank Services, Investment Companies, Insurance Companies, and Comparative Banking and Financial System.

s167 Pages

An Introduction to Computational Finance

This note covers the following topics: The First Option Trade, The Black-Scholes Equation, The Risk Neutral World, Monte Carlo Methods, The Binomial Model, Derivative Contracts on non-traded Assets and Real Options, Discrete Hedging, Derivative Contracts on non-traded Assets and Real Options, Discrete Hedging, Jump Diffusion, Regime Switching, Mean Variance Portfolio Optimization.

s123 Pages

Financial Management by National Open University of Nigeria

This note covers the following topics: Nature, Scope and Purpose of Financial Management, Sources of Finance, Cost of Short, Medium and Long Term Finance, Capital Budgeting Under Certainty, Capital Budgeting Under Uncertainty, Working capital management, Cash Management, Inventory Management, Account Receivables and Payables, Analysis and Interpretation of Basic Financial Statement, Business Mergers and Take-Overs, Dividend Policy, Valuation of Shares, Asset Management, Enterprise Management, Financial Management Risk, Methods of Avoiding Financial Risks and Mortgage Finance.

s237 Pages

Multinational Financial Management

This note covers the following topics: Assets and Liabilities, International Capital Budgeting Decision, Foreign Investment Decision, Political and Country Risk Management, Cost of Capital Of Multinational Firm, Capital Structure of Multinational Firm, Dividend Policy of a Multinational Firm, Taxation of Multinational Firm, Long-term Sources Of Funds for a Multinational Company.

sNA Pages

Human Resource Management by Indira Gandhi National Open University

This note covers the following topics: Strategic Human Resource Management, Human Resource Planning and Strategy, Job Analysis and Job Design, Recruitment, Selection, Appointment and Promotion, Performance Appraisal, Remuneration and Salary System, Rewards and Incentive Management, Employee Benefits, Redeployment and Reskilling, Employee Capacity Building Strategies, Total Quality Management, Discipline and Grievances, Assessing Human Resource Management Effectiveness.

sNA Pages
Human Resource Accounting

Human Resource Accounting

This note explains the following topics: Human Resource Accounting, Human Resource Planning, HR Cost Analysis , Responsibility Accounting and Human Resource Audit.

s175 Pages

Work, Employment, and Industrial Relations Theory

This note will cover the multi-disciplinary theoretical and empirical foundations of research on work, employment, labor markets, and industrial relations. It begins by tracing the historical development of theory and research in the field, paying special attention to how the normative premises, concepts, and methodological traditions of industrial relations compare to those of other disciplines that contribute to the study of work and employment relations. Then will review a number of current theoretical and policy debates shaping the field.

sNA Pages

Organizational Management

This book explains the following topics: Managers and the Management Process, Management Learning, Ethics and Social Responsibility, Managers as Decision Makers, Plans and Planning Techniques, Controls and Control Systems, Strategy and Strategic Management, Organization Structure and Design, Organizational Culture, Human Resource Management, Leadership, Individual Behavior, Motivation, Teams and Teamwork, Communication and Management skills survey.

sNA Pages

An Introduction To Investment Theory

This hyper text book introduces the foundations of investment decision-making. The book is designed for use in a four-week teaching module for master's students studying introductory Finance. Topics covered includes: Capital Markets: Investment Performance, Basics of Return and Risk: Efficient Frontier, Preferences and Investor Choice, CAPM: The Portfolio Approach to Risk, Understanding Security Market Line, Arbitrage Pricing Theory, Betas, Leverage, Discount Rate, Information and Efficiency of Capital Markets.

sNA Pages

Security Analysis and Investment Management

This note explains the following topics: Introduction to Security Analysis, Risk and Return Concepts, New Issue Market, Stock Exchanges in India - Operations, Listing of Securities, Stock Brokers and Other Intermediaries, Stock Market Indices, Investment Alternatives, Government Securities, Valuation of Fixed Income Securities, valuation of Variable Income Securities or Equity Share Valuation, Efficient Market Hypothesis and Portfolio Construction.

s515 Pages

Element to Management

This note explains the concepts, principles and theories of management. Topics covered includes: Values of Management, Management V s Administration, Management Objectives and Management Skills, Forecasting and Planning, Departmentation by Enterprise functions, Functional Authority, Staff Limitations, Conflicts between line and staff managers and ways of minimizing the conflict, Business Structure, Co-coordinating and Controlling, Directing and Leading.

s124 Pages

Management of Services Concepts, Design, and Delivery

This note builds on conceptual frameworks and cases from a wide range of service operations, selected from health care, hospitality, internet services, supply chain, transportation, retailing, food service, entertainment, financial services, humanitarian services, government services, and others.

sNA Pages

Elements of Marketing

The major aim of the principles of marketing is to introduce you to the field of marketing. Topics covered includes: Marketing Environment, Product Classifications, Channels of Distribution, The role of Middlemen in Marketing Activities, Product Life Cycle and New Product Development, The Marketing Mix, Market Segmentation, Packing and Branding.

s174 Pages

Modern Marketing Notes

This note covers the following topics: Market Classification,factor affect pricing, Product and Branding, Pricing and Distribution, Promotion, Important features of Salesmanship.

s106 Pages

Lecture Notes and Case Studies for Real Estate Analysis

This note covers the following topics: Driving Forces of Real Estate Markets, Central Cities and Regional Market Analysis, Urban Land Values and Urban Form, Residential Property Analysis, Real Estate Property Rights, Contracts, Deeds, and Leases, Land Use Controls, Real Estate Valuation Theory, Cash Flow Analysis, Residential Real Estate Finance, Commercial Real Estate Finance, Brokerage and Leasing, Real Estate Development.

sNA Pages

Real Estate Economics

This note focuses on developing an understanding of the macroeconomic factors that shape and influence markets for real property. Topics covered includes: Residential land markets, Residential development, Industrial location, Local government and land markets, Regulating development, Macro analysis of housing, Time series analysis of real estate markets, Regional growth and real estate markets.

sNA Pages

Small Business Management in the 21st Century

Small Business Management in the 21st Century offers a unique perspective and set of capabilities for instructors. The authors designed this book with a “less can be more” approach, and by treating small business management as a practical human activity rather than as an abstract theoretical concept.

s873 Pages

Entrepreneurship Development and Small Business Management

This note covers the following topics: Small Scale Sector In India, Meaning and Definition of Small Scale Industry, Features of Small Scale Industries, Objectives of Small Scale Industries, Small Business as a Seedbed of Entrepreneurship, Relationship between Small and Large Industries, Rationale of Small Scale Industries, Importance of Small Scale Industries, Role of Small Sale Industries in India, Problems of Small Scale Industries, Remedial Measures, SSIs and Government Policies.

s66 Pages

Advanced Topics in International Trade Firms and International Trade

This note focuses on a firm-level approach to international trade and on selected topics in trade policy. Topics covered includes: Firms and the Decision to Export, Firms and the Decision to Invest Abroad, Intermission: The Boundaries of The Firm, Trade and Organizational Form.

s210 Pages

Stock Market Trading Volume

This guide tries to balance the asset-pricing literature by reviewing the quantity implications of a dynamic general equilibrium model of asset markets under uncertainty, and investigating those implications empirically. Topics covered includes: Measuring Trading Activity, The Data, Time-Series Properties, Cross-Sectional Properties, Volume Implications of Portfolio Theory, Volume Implications of Intertemporal Asset-Pricing Models.

s102 Pages

Microeconomics of Taxation

This note provides a basic framework of public finance at the microeconomic level, starting from a general theory of taxation on commodity, income and corporate profits and then extending issues of tax evasion and compliance, and tax reform. Topics covered includes: Commodity Taxation, Individual Income Taxation, Corporate Taxation, Capital Income Taxation, Inheritance and Gift Taxation, Tax Compliance and Evasion, Tax Reform.

sNA Pages

Income Tax Law And Practice

This book covers the following topics: Income Tax in India, Income Exempt from Income Tax, Income from Salaries, Income from House Property, Income from Business or Profession,  Capital Gains, Income from Other Sources, Clubbing of Incomes, Deduction from Gross Total Income, Computation of Tax Liability of Individuals.

s99 Pages